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Lighting design process

At least three well-established and different design methods can be distinguished from lighting design. Their classification is divided according to different visual tasks.
1. Richard Kelly's division into Seeing (communicating, moving, working), looking at (emphasis on details, emphasis on structures, information) and viewing (decorating).
2. Dividing into functional - perceptual - and experiential levels.
3. Paying special attention to the quality of the light, the lighting method and the location of the light.
Which of the above classifications is used in each case depends on the nature of the object being designed. Very often, design is done - especially indoors - so that in addition to the above divisions, attention is paid to the general, accent, work and decorative lighting of the premises.
The needs of the customer and the end user are increasingly given priority in planning. Developed by the American design agency IDEO, the “User-Centered Design Method” aims to improve customers ’business by designing innovative and user-centric products. The model also works well in lighting design.
The five steps of a user-centric design method:

1.

Understanding

The most important thing for the success of the design. This has a significant impact on what the plan will eventually consist of. Understanding seeks to get as deep as possible into the customer’s world and seeks to see behind things their real needs. This step will help you set the right priorities for your design.

2.

Perception

The observation can be observation in the field, or based on the knowledge formed on the basis of the designer's own activity. The versatility of, for example, the knowledge base available in a number of different fields of science or technology helps to find more opportunities. With a successful phase, an understanding of the needs and aspirations for the design is finally formed, but also the shortcomings.

3.

Visualization

The purpose of this phase is to put the collected information and material into a visible and comprehensible form that can be seen, for example with the help of sketches. Through visualization, the plan is also evaluated from the customer's point of view. The aim is to find out how lighting works, for example, and what its usability is from the customer's point of view.

4.

Judgment

Examine the options and try to evaluate them as critically as possible from several different perspectives. Puntari has feasibility as well as meaningfulness as well as usability of the solutions. At this stage, the customer and / or end user is also strongly involved in the evaluation.

5.

Implementation

At this stage, the plan is put into realistic implementation. Check that it fully meets the requirements of the customer and / or end user. Align visions with technology. All the knowledge and experience gained above will be combined into a workable plan.

The process presented above is a continuous interactive chain of events. The chain can return to the previous steps as needed to get the most optimal plan.
Source: IDEO-Masters of Innovation

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